Phosphor is a vital component in the manufacturing of LCD screens and CRT displays, the growing electronic industry; particularly in Asia Pacific is expected to increase the demand for these elements. Depleting reserves, stringent regulatory framework, complex extraction and capital Intensive nature of the extraction process are expected to be key challenges for market participants over the next SIX years. Recycling of these elements from waste could prove to be a key opportunity for the market In the near future. Other redundantly consumed elements include Lanthanum, Neodymium, Praseodymium and Yttrium among others.
A long list of obscure elements are vital for advanced electronics and military systems. China has cornered the market. Google Earth Their names sound as if they are part of some science fiction universe: They are rare-earth elements REEs —little-known but crucial ingredients in much modern US military aerospace technology.
Lockheed Martin is working on a small, high-power laser weapon that the Air Force Research Laboratory wants to test in a tactical fighter aircraft by Its active gain medium is a flexible optical fiber infused with a rare-earth element such as erbium or neodymium.
Rare-earth elements are widely used in strong, permanent magnets impervious to temperature extremes. They are used in fin actuators, in missile guidance, and control systems; disk drive motors installed in aircraft and tanks; satellite communications; and radar and sonar systems.
As might be expected given their importance to national security, these elements used to come from the United States. From the s to the s, the US was the global leader in rare-earth mining and production.
That is no longer the case. Many US officials and lawmakers view this situation with apprehension. They are pushing for solutions that range from stockpiling critical minerals to the development of substitutes and the reopening of key domestic mines.
The rare-earth element group consists of 17 minerals. Fifteen are from a chemical group known as the lanthanides; scandium and yttrium are the other two.
All share similar geochemical characteristics, generally resembling the chemical makeup of aluminum.
Their slight differences in atomic structure give them different optical, electrical, metallurgic, and magnetic qualities. That makes them useful for a wide array of industrial applications. They are about as abundant as some major metals, such as copper and chrome.
Even rare REEs are more common than gold. That makes it difficult and thus expensive to separate them from surrounding substances into useful products. Development and construction of large-scale rare-earth element recovery infrastructure can take a decade or longer.
While unfamiliar to most Americans, REEs are vital components for a wide array of industries. Their unusual physical and chemical properties produce valuable effects when small amounts are combined with other minerals.
The glass industry is a large user of rare earths for polishing and to provide color and special optical qualities to finished products. Digital camera lenses can be up to 50 percent lanthanum. REEs are used as catalysts in the production of petroleum and in automotive catalytic converters.
They help make lighter flints and fluorescent light bulbs.A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), In several years from worldwide demand for rare-earth elements is expected to exceed supply by 40, tonnes annually unless major new sources are developed.
"China's Rare Earth Elements Industry: What Can the West Learn?". Edited by a highly regarded scientist and with contributions from sixteen international research groups, spanning Asia and North America, Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications provides the first one-stop reference resource for important accomplishments in the area of rare earth.
The critical role of rare earth elements (REEs), particularly heavy REEs (HREEs), in high-tech industries has created a surge in demand that is quickly outstripping known global supply and has triggered a worldwide scramble to discover new sources.
Welcome to Innovation Metals. Innovation Metals Corp. (IMC) is a private Toronto-based company, founded to develop cost-effective processing solutions for many of the metals that are vital to today’s high-tech society. Our goal is to provide low-cost separation and purification processes to the critical-metals industry, enabling mining companies to compete in today’s global marketplace.
Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are becoming increasingly integrated in new technologies, especially within the clean energy, military, and consumer electronics sectors. As each of these sectors continues to grow, so does the industry's demand for the constituent REEs.
Rare Earths Industry: Discusses the influence of policy on Rare Earth Elements to help raise interest in developing strategies for management resource development and exploitation geopolitical analysis of the current worldwide scenario and importance of rare earths exploration for governments, corporate groups, and local stakeholders.