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Ad hominem An ad hominem argument attacks the messenger, not the message itself. Argument from authority This type of argument relies on the identity of an authority rather than the components of the argument itself. Argument from adverse consequences Saying that because the implications of a statement being true would create negative results, it must not be true.
We refer the reader to the Answers in Genesis page on the non-constant speed of light. Never mind the consequences if the speed of light changed from fast to slow; atoms and the energy of photons would be so messed up that the early creation earth would probably fry any young earth.
Of course, the creationist just put a "time dilation field" around it, and everything is OK. Never mind that there is no evidence for it.
Everything MUST have a cause. It is also called "circular reasoning" or "circular logic". This assumes the answer to the question. Observational selection Looking at only positive evidence while ignoring the negative.
Remembering the instances where you predicted that it would rain for an event, while ignoring all of the instances where you predicted rain and there was none. Misunderstanding of the nature of statistics Ignorance about central statistical assumptions and the definition of metrics.
Astonishment when confronted with the fact that half of all people have an IQ belowa value that was defined as the median score in the first place. Inconsistency Being inconsistent in any form, especially as in holding double standards.
Non sequitur Latin for "it does not follow. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc Basing an effect on a cause only on the basis of chronology. Correlation does not equal causation Excluded middle, or false dichotomy portraying an issue or argument as having only two options and no spectrum in between.
Arguably, "Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists. Bush  Short-term vs.
|DEPARTMENTS||This is taken from the book The Demon-Haunted World:|
|Carl Sagan - Wikiquote||And this combustible mixture of ignorance and power, sooner or later, is going to blow up in our faces.|
At this rate, according to the time-frame supposed by evolution, the field would have originally been so powerful as to render earth inhospitable.
Slippery sloperelated to excluded middle Saying something is wrong because it is next to or loosely related to something wrong. If gay marriage is legalized, all of our children will be converted to homosexuality, and Satan will win. Confusion of correlation and causation Just because two phenomena happen simultaneously does not mean that one causes the other.
People who go to church are happier than others. Thus, God makes people happy if they go to church.
The eloquent essay an anthology of classic & creative nonfiction 1st ed. The fine art of baloney detection / Carl Sagan: Space is numeric / Ellen Ullman: Lying in the tall grasses, eating cane / Opal Palmer Adisa. Edition Notes. Collection of . Abstract: We're living in yesterday's future, and it's nothing like the speculations of our authors and film/TV leslutinsduphoenix.com a working science fiction novelist, I take a professional interest in how we get predictions about the future wrong, and why, so that I can avoid repeating the same mistakes. A Look into "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection" by Carl Sagan He doesn’t willingly believe in “mediums” who claim to channel the spirits of the deceased.
Misrepresenting a position to make it easier to criticize.Quotes. What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it.
"The Big Picture: On The Origins Of Life, Meaning And The Universe Itself" by Sean Carroll () Carroll is a theoretical physicist at the California Institute of Technology and .
There are skeletons in the closet of nuclear deterrence. Advocates of nuclear deterrence say nuclear weapons are not only justified, their existence seems to have worked, and to be working, right now. David Barash avers that skepticism of nuclear deterrence is long overdue.
The Fine Art of Baloney Detection is an essay by Carl Sagan in his seminal work against pseudoscience, The Demon-Haunted World.
In this essay, he gives advice for devising conclusions, as well as advice for avoiding logical and rhetorical fallacies. That seems different, though, because it requires rejecting one ideology/ingroup, namely Catholicism. It makes sense that people identifying as Catholic would resent that the Protestants found a way to weaken Catholicism, and apparently people who “took the soup” were ostracized.
MEDICAL NOTES- Aggregation of notes on the history of medicine as I am writing my long chapter on iatrogenics.. The translational gap. How long can something be held as wrong before its practice is discontinued?
A long, very long time, much longer than we think.