Lucien died from his wounds in a makeshift army hospital on 11 October.
Characters[ edit ] The Narrator: He is a seventy-five-year-old Spaniard with a rugged face, who comments on events in Oran that he hears about on the radio and in the newspapers. Castel is one of Rieux's medical colleagues and is much older than Rieux.
He realizes after the first few cases that the disease is bubonic plague and is aware of the seriousness of the situation. He works hard to make an antiplague serum, but as the epidemic continues, he shows increasing signs of wear and tear.
Cottard lives in the same building as Grand. He does not appear to have a job and is described as having private means although he describes himself as "a traveling salesman in wines and spirits.
Afterwards, he does not want to be interviewed by the police since he has committed a crime by attempting suicide and fears arrest. Cottard's personality changes after the outbreak of plague. Whereas he was aloof and mistrustful before, he now becomes agreeable and tries hard to make friends.
He appears to relish the coming of the plague, and Tarrou thinks it is because he finds it easier to live with his own fears now that everyone else is in a state of fear, too. Cottard takes advantage of the crisis to make money by selling contraband cigarettes and inferior liquor.
As the epidemic wanes, Cottard's mood fluctuates. Sometimes he is sociable, but at other times, he shuts himself up in his room. Eventually, he loses his mental balance and shoots at random at people on the street, wounding some and killing a dog.
The police arrest him. Garcia is a man who knows the group of smugglers in Oran. He introduces Rambert to Raoul.
Gonzales is the smuggler who makes the arrangements for Rambert's escape and bonds with him over football.
Joseph Grand is a fifty-year-old clerk for the city government. He is tall and thin. Poorly paid, he lives an austere life, but he is capable of deep affection. In his spare time, Grand polishes up his Latin, and he is also writing a book, but he is such a perfectionist that he continually rewrites the first sentence and can get no further.
One of his problems in life is that he can rarely find the correct words to express what he means. Grand tells Rieux that he married while still in his teens, but overwork and poverty took their toll Grand did not receive the career advancement that he had been promisedand his wife Jeanne left him.
He tried but failed to write a letter to her, and he still grieves for his loss. Grand is a neighbor of Cottard, and it is he who calls Rieux for help, when Cottard tries to commit suicide.
When the plague takes a grip on the town, Grand joins the team of volunteers, acting as general secretary, recording all the statistics.
Rieux regards him as "the true embodiment of the quiet courage that inspired the sanitary groups.The Tyranny of Optimism - Optimism is a state of mind in which an individual will tend to “expect the best possible outcome or dwell on the most hopeful aspects of a situation” (leslutinsduphoenix.com).
English Literature Glossary of Literary Terms. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English PostWords in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to .
Lyrical and critical essays by Albert Camus, , Vintage Books edition, in English.
At any street corner the feeling of absurdity can strike any man in the face. It happens that the stage sets collapse. Rising, streetcar, four hours in the office or the factory, meal, streetcar, four hours of work, meal, sleep and Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday and Saturday according to the same rhythm — this path is easily followed most of the time. Vintage Books. pages, $ Review by Gabriel Gilbert. I can’t quit Albert Camus’ lyrical essays. Better known for The Myth of Sisyphus and The Stranger, his lyrical essays differ in that they read more like prose poetry.I found his essays by chance around the same age Camus was when he . And this indeed confirms an obvious critical judgment on Camus--that when he is good, he is universal, and that his Mediterraneanism is not a valid doctrine but simply an esthetic accent. Mr. Weightman's essays and reviews of French literature appear in periodicals on both sides of the Atlantic.
How to be well-read in no time: short novels How to be well-read in no time: short novels is a list of books that provides a varied glimpse of the written style of many of the great authors.
A concise selection, the titles can be worked through over a very short period, or, alternatively, they can be sandwiched between larger classics in an even more ambitious reading program.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate.
Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.
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